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Case Studies:
Latin Americans

Case studies cover the many cultural, socioeconomic and environmental factors that have impact on the Latino patient population. These scenarios cover issues of appropriate response and more effective patient encounters. 
The following are chosen from the AETC-NMC collection of case studies and focus on scenarios involving Latin Americans:
Case Study 11 Maria, a 42-year-old Latina, reported for the results of her HIV test a month after being tested. Maria is not fluent in English so she brought her two teenage sons, Miguel and Javier, to help translate for her. Read more...
Case Study 12

Carmen, a 17-year-old Latina, shows up at a clinic for a gynecological exam. Carmen has been sexually active for over a year, and because she does not use condoms consistently, she is afraid that she may have contracted HIV or another STI. Read more...

Case Study 13

Alex is a 26-year-old Latino who has been married for eight years. He has a wife and three young children. He is returning to the clinic for his first follow-up visit after receiving an HIV diagnosis the previous week. Read more...

Case Study 14

Antonio is a 32-year-old Latino who has been living with HIV for the past 6 years. Antonio has lived in the United States for 17 years, although all of his family still lives in Guatemala. When he shows up for treatment, his health care provider realizes that Antonio has not been adhering to his HIV treatment regimen and that his viral load is increasing. Read more...

Case Study 15

Sofia is a twenty one year old migrant farm worker who has come into the clinic to receive an HIV test. Sofia is worried that Pedro has been unfaithful to her during his time working in North Carolina. Read more...

Case Study 16

Gloria, a 39 year old monolingual Spanish speaking Latina woman was referred for HIV testing at your health center after she had contracted Chlamydia. Gloria previously explained to her health care provider that her only partner was her husband to whom she has been married to for the past 19 years. Read more...

Case Study 18

Anna is an 18-year-old Hispanic student who was infected with HIV four years ago during a sexual encounter with a 30-year-old man. She entered care in a pediatric HIV clinic two years ago when her diagnosis was confirmed after testing was recommended by a neighbor who was also a curandera. Read more...

Case Study 22

Jerome is a 30-year-old Hispanic man who has presented at his dentist’s office with a complaint of “a sore on the roof of my mouth.” Dr. Perez has been Jerome’s dentist for for the past four years. On initial examination, she sees a lesion on the hard palate that looks like a bruise the size of a pea.  Read more...

Case Study 24

Maria is a 32-year-old Hispanic woman who reports to a rural clinic for her HIV test results. Maria’s primary language is Spanish, and she does not speak or read English. During the initial appointment, Maria met with Melissa, an HIV counselor, and Ana, the only certified interpreter at the clinic. Read more...

Case Study 26

Pedro is a 18-year-old Mexican youth. He is a seasonal worker who spends four months each year in the US working as a day laborer. He has a girlfriend and a 2 month old son in Mexico. He sends financial support to his family when he can. Read more...

Case Study 31

Maria is a 26 year old Latina male to female transgender who was diagnosed with HIV one month ago. She has been working at a restaurant for the past 6 months and lives with her parents. Maria seeks treatment at a community clinic that serves Latino patients. Read more...

Case Study 38 Carlos is a 22 year old Salvadoran female to male transgender person. His parents died shortly after his birth and he was given into adoption to a well known family in San Salvador City. Carlos was sexually abused throughout his childhood by his step-father. Read more...

 


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