AETC-NMC
   

Module 2: What Is a Mental Disorder?

Learning Objectives

  • Discuss the connections among substance abuse, mental disorders, and HIV in African Americans
  • Identify the HIV-associated mental disorders observed in African Americans

Pre-training Assessment

  1. Regarding the study of depression in African Americans by Williams and colleagues, which of the following statements is true?

    1. A. Fewer than half of African Americans who met the diagnostic criteria for depression received treatment.
    2. B. More than half of African Americans who met the diagnostic criteria for depression received treatment.
    3. C. Involving members of communities being served in assessing the effectiveness of communication and care
    4. D. No African Americans reported symptoms that met the diagnostic criteria for depression.
    5.  
  2. Regarding the possible symptoms of depression, the term “somatization” refers to which of the following?

    1. A. Denial of the reality of mental health problems
    2. B. Fainting or dizziness as a result of emotional distress or anxiety
    3. C. Unconscious expression of emotional distress as physical symptoms
    4. D. Failure to treat depression appropriately
    5.  
  3. Which of the following is NOT a factor in the under-diagnosis and under-treatment of bipolar disorder among African Americans?

    1. A. Reliance on family and religious communities rather than mental health professionals during times of emotional distress
    2. B. Lack of laboratory facilities
    3. C. Inadequate cultural competence skills among many healthcare practitioners
    4. D. Lack of health insurance coverage
    5.  
  4. Is the following statement True or False?
    Post-traumatic stress disorder can be associated with frightening incidents such as sexual assault.
    1. True
    2. False
    3.  
  5. Isolated sleep paralysis has been associated with which of the following disorders in African American patients?

    1. A. Schizophrenia
    2. B. Dysthymia
    3. C. Panic disorder
    4. D. Bipolar disorder
    5.  
  6. Regarding the diagnosis of schizophrenia, which of the following statements is true?

    1. A. African American patients are more likely to receive a diagnosis of schizophrenia vs white patients
    2. B. African American patients and white patients are likely to receive a diagnosis of schizophrenia at comparable rates
    3. C. African American patients are less likely to receive a diagnosis of schizophrenia vs white patients
    4. D. None of the above
    5.  



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Howard University College of Medicine AIDS Education and Training Center - National Multicultural Center